According to the National Institute of Mental Health, depression is a common but serious mental health disorder, with a formal diagnosing term as clinical depression or major depressive disorder. It has severe symptoms that we will touch in soon that can all affect how you think, feel, and handle daily activities. These activities range from going to work, eating, sleeping, and any social interactions.


Different forms of depression have unique defining qualities to them and can develop under such circumstances, such as:

  • Postpartum depression (PPD) – this depression occurs in mothers after they give birth to their child. It can happen after any birth, meaning if you did not get postpartum depression after your first child, it could still happen later on. This is not to be confused with the “baby blues.” The baby blues are mild depressive and anxiety symptoms that clear within two weeks. Postpartum depression is a major depressive disorder. It results in anxiety, extreme sadness, and exhaustion that often makes it near impossible for mothers to complete daily care activities for not only themselves but their child.
  • Seasonal affective disorder – this is a depression that is triggered by winter. The lack of natural sunlight results in someone having depression that lasts for the duration of the season, and leaves once spring and summer come around and the days are longer and warmer. During the winter months, those with seasonal affective disorder can gain weight, withdraw socially, and increase the amount of time they sleep.
  • Psychotic depression – this depression is a mixture of two issues: depression and psychosis. Someone with psychotic depression has hallucinations, meaning that they can hear and see things that their mind creates and it is upsetting. In addition to that, they have false delusions or beliefs that are disturbing for them.
  • Bipolar disorder – while bipolar disorder is very separate from depression, the National Institute of Mental Health includes it within this category when educating on depression because of the manic highs and depressive lows that those with bipolar disorder experience. The extreme lows miss the criteria of major depression and are called bipolar depression.
  • Persistent depressive disorder – this is a depressive mood that lasts at least two years and is persistent, even if there are periods of less severe symptoms.

While this list is not complete and exhaustive, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has a full list. It is a manual compiled by hundreds of international experts of mental health and what created to improve diagnosis, treatment, and research.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Depression?

The symptoms for depression range and can include many or few of the following:

  • Irritability
  • Decreased energy
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling continuously restless
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Having trouble sitting still
  • Being persistently anxious
  • Feeling as if you are empty
  • Being persistently sad
  • Hopelessness
  • Constant pessimism
  • Feeling worthless
  • Helplessness
  • Loss of interest in hobbies or activities
  • Loss of pleasure in hobbies or activities
  • Moving and talking slowly
  • Loss of concentration
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Difficulty remembering
  • Constant over-sleeping or inability to wake, especially in the early morning
  • Weight and appetite change
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts
  • Physical symptoms that have no clear cause and do not respond to treatment such as
    • Headaches
    • Digestive issues
    • Pains

In addition to the foundation of a low mood, an individual who is depressed can experience a variety of symptoms, and they can mix and match in many ways. To get diagnosed with major depressive disorder, there must be several persistent symptoms.

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What Do I Do If I Have A Major Depressive Disorder?

If you feel depressed, the first important step is to get help. Mental health is important, and having a professional help you with your depression should always be the first move. You can get help both in person as well as online. You can look up doctors in your area and find out what your insurance takes, or you can go on sites like get matched with a therapist who can help you online. This is particularly helpful is a task like leaving the house seems too daunting.

What Kind Of Help Can I Get?

Mental health professionals are trained to use a variety of techniques to help people with their mental health disorders. Certain mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, are doctors that can even prescribe medication to help.

One type of therapy that can be used to help is light therapy. Here, we are going to delve into what light therapy is and whether it can work for depression.

What Is Light Therapy?

Light therapy, also known as bright light therapy or phototherapy, is a therapeutic method that can be used to treat seasonal affective disorder. It can also treat other conditions as well, including other types of depression, sleep disorders, and other conditions. It can even be used for other issues that may mess with your internal clock, such as jet lag or adjusting to a nighttime work schedule. In some cases, it has even been used to help dementia. However, the seasonal affective disorder is the main mental health disorder it treats.

This type of light therapy is not to be confused with light therapy that is used to treat skin conditions. Certain conditions, such as psoriasis or other skin disorders, also use light therapy for treatment but with ultraviolet light emitting from the box. It is important to make sure that if you are using a light therapy box for mental health issues, it does not have UV rays emitting from it, because that can cause damage to your eyes and skin if you do not have a treatable condition.

How Does Light Therapy Work?

Light therapy uses a light therapy box that gives off a bright light. The light is meant to mimic natural outdoor light. As we discussed before, the trigger for the seasonal affective disorder is winter and its darkness. Light therapy is meant to combat that by introducing an artificial natural light for some affected with it. During light therapy, a person sits or works near the light therapy box.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the light that the light therapy box produces is supposed to affect brain chemicals linked to mood and sleep. This, in turn, can ease seasonal affective disorder symptoms.

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